Year C – Fifteenth Sunday in Pentecost – Hebrews 13:1-16

Hebrews 13:1-16

Let mutual love continue. 2Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for by doing that some have entertained angels without knowing it. 3Remember those who are in prison, as though you were in prison with them; those who are being tortured, as though you yourselves were being tortured. 4Let marriage be held in honor by all, and let the marriage bed be kept undefiled; for God will judge fornicators and adulterers. 5Keep your lives free from the love of money, and be content with what you have; for he has said, “I will never leave you or forsake you.” 6So we can say with confidence,

“The Lord is my helper; I will not be afraid. What can anyone do to me?”

7Remember your leaders, those who spoke the word of God to you; consider the outcome of their way of life, and imitate their faith. 8Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever. 9Do not be carried away by all kinds of strange teachings; for it is well for the heart to be strengthened by grace, not by regulations about food, which have not benefited those who observe them. 10We have an altar from which those who officiate in the tent have no right to eat. 11For the bodies of those animals whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest as a sacrifice for sin are burned outside the camp. 12Therefore Jesus also suffered outside the city gate in order to sanctify the people by his own blood. 13Let us then go to him outside the camp and bear the abuse he endured. 14For here we have no lasting city, but we are looking for the city that is to come. 15Through him, then, let us continually offer a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that confess his name. 16Do not neglect to do good and to share what you have, for such sacrifices are pleasing to God.

Summary – Hebrews was written to a group of Jewish believers who were tempted to go back to Jewish practices and worship, and leave the new way of Jesus Christ behind. Paul encourages them to keep on believing in Jesus and to not leave the New Covenant Church for the Old ways which were about to perish. He explains to them that Jesus is far better than Moses and the Priesthood, and that the Heavenly Jerusalem is far better than the earthly Jerusalem. In Jesus we have better promises and the fulfillment of all God’s promises.

Chapter 13 focuses on how Christians, who have received an unshakable kingdom (Heb. 12:28), should live amongst each other. Christians are to continually live in brotherly love, showing hospitality, remembering those wrongfully imprisoned for the sake of the gospel, living sexually pure, and content with what God provides. Christians should imitate the faith of their leaders, and have their hearts strengthened by the grace of the preaching of the Word of God, and not on sacrificial food from the Temple altar. Rather, our food is from the Heavenly altar, and so we offer sacrifices of praise to God, and we share what we have with one another, in a sacrificial way. For these are the sacrifices that are pleasing to God.

 Insight – Jesus instructed us in Matt 4:4 that we are to not live by bread alone, but every word of God. Here in Hebrews 13:7-10, we have a similar teaching. Paul encourages the Jewish believers to not put too much of their trust in the food they were eating from the altar. The true food that strengthens the heart, is the grace of the true Word of God. Only those who devote themselves to God’s word will receive the benefits of what the altar food symbolized, which is saving grace. When you come to the Lord’s Table, are you coming with an expectation that your heart will be strengthened by the bread and the wine? Or is your heart strengthened by the grace of God’s Word? Show God you believe His Word by offering Him the sacrifices of praise with the fruit of your lips, and with thanksgiving in your heart.   This is what pleases God. Eat, and be thankful.

Catechism – Q. What is the true food that strengthens our heart? A. The Word of God.

Discussion – Discuss the relationship between God’s word and food. What is more important, physical or spiritual food?

Prayer – Heavenly Father, we praise you for sending your Son Jesus to be our true Bread and Wine. Grant to us your Spirit, so that our body and soul would be preserved unto everlasting life, by feeding on the Body and Blood of Jesus in our hearts by faith and with thanksgiving. Amen.

Submitted by Michael J. Shover

Year C – Pentecost – Psalm 104

Psalm 104:24-32 (NRSV)

24 O Lord, how manifold are your works!
In wisdom you have made them all;
the earth is full of your creatures.
25 Yonder is the sea, great and wide,
creeping things innumerable are there,
living things both small and great.
26 There go the ships,
and Leviathan that you formed to sport in it.

27 These all look to you
to give them their food in due season;
28 when you give to them, they gather it up;
when you open your hand, they are filled with good things.
29 When you hide your face, they are dismayed;
when you take away their breath, they die
and return to their dust.
30 When you send forth your spirit, they are created;
and you renew the face of the ground.

31 May the glory of the Lord endure forever;
may the Lord rejoice in his works—
32 who looks on the earth and it trembles,
who touches the mountains and they smoke.
33 I will sing to the Lord as long as I live;
I will sing praise to my God while I have being.
34 May my meditation be pleasing to him,
for I rejoice in the Lord.
35 Let sinners be consumed from the earth,
and let the wicked be no more.
Bless the Lord, O my soul.
Praise the Lord!


 Summary – Charles Spurgeon calls Psalm 104, “a poet’s version of Genesis.” The Psalm taken as a whole is a praise to God which loosely takes the shape of the seven days of creation. Verses 1-6 describe the work of the days one and two of creation; praising God for the light and the separation of the waters in the firmament from the waters below the firmament (Gen. 1:1-8). Verses 7-18 easily moves to the separation of the waters and the land on the third day, along with the creation of plant life and vegetation (Gen.1:9-14). The Psalmist sings of the fourth day of creation (Gen. 1:14-19), praising God for the sun and the moon in verses 19-23. The fifth and sixth day are included in verses 24-30, in which the sea creatures are created (even the sea monster Leviathan is mentioned!), and the land beasts. Man is thought to be absent from the list, because we most likely are to see him included in the fact that man is the author of the Psalm. But, I think verses 29- 30 speaks of man, when says,

29 When you hide your face, they are dismayed;
when you take away their breath, they die
and return to their dust.
30 When you send forth your spirit, they are created;
and you renew the face of the ground.

Man is said to go back to the dust when he dies, and man is given the spirit of God for breath, and man is the agent of renewal for the earth (Gen. 2:6-8).Finally, the Psalm closes with a seventh day Sabbath hymn of praise, foreshadowing the final day of judgment in verse 32 when the whole history of God’s creation comes to an end and man will be judged.

Insight – It is interesting that this Psalm is used for Pentecost. We are reminded of God’s old creation, when the Spirit of God brought the pattern of Heaven down to Earth. On Pentecost, the Holy Spirit comes again, this time bringing the life and love of Heaven to Earth. This is the New Creation. According to verse 30, the Spirit of God was given to man for the purpose of “renewing the ground.” Man was placed in the garden to cultivate it and guard it. Today, the Spirit of God sends us on a mission to cultivate and guard all of life, and to restore paradise again on earth. This is part of what it means for Jesus Christ to be the Savior of the World. And with His ascension to Heaven, he was given all authority to disciple the nations. On Pentecost, the Spirit empowers us to do so. So let us go forth in the power of the Spirit of God, and renew the face of the ground, wherever the curse is found. Amen.

Catechism – Who renews the face of the ground? Man, by the power of the Holy Spirit.

Discussion – Discuss the Sea Monster Leviathan (See Job 41:1; Ps. 74:14; Isa. 27:1)! Was supposed to stay in the garden if he were faithful? Or extend his dominion throughout the whole Earth? How can we extend dominion throughout the world today?

Prayer – O God, touch the hearts and mind of thy faithful people, by sending upon us the fire of thy Holy Spirit, that we might be like the ministers of flaming fire, spreading the message of Jesus Christ like the four winds to the ends of the earth. Grant us wisdom and the bond of love that we might live the life heaven here on earth, as it is in heaven. Amen.

Submitted by Michael Shover