Solomon’s Reign is a Type of the Universal Reign of Jesus
Give the king your judgments, O God, And your righteousness to the king’s Son. He will judge your people with righteousness, and your poor with justice. The mountains will bring peace to the people, and the little hills, by righteousness. He will bring justice to the poor of the people; He will save the children of the needy, and will break in pieces the oppressor. They shall fear you as long as the sun and moon endure, throughout all generations. He shall come down like rain upon the grass before mowing, like showers that water the earth. In His days the righteous shall flourish, and abundance of peace, Until the moon is no more. . . . Blessed be the Lord God, the God of Israel, who only does wondrous things! And blessed be His glorious name forever! And let the whole earth be filled with His glory. Amen and Amen.
Summary – This messianic Psalm, Psalm 72, looks to Solomon in the near future as a type of the Ultimate “King’s Son” (vs 1). This Son will judge people righteously, and we recall the story of Solomon and the two women arguing over the child (1 Kings 3:16ff). This Son will have dominion “from sea to sea” (vs 8), and Solomon indeed ruled all the land from the “River” to the sea (1 Kings 4:20ff), the allotted portion of Israel. This Son would receive gifts from the “Kings of Sheba” (vs 10), and the “gold of Sheba will be given to him” (vs 15). We remember the Queen of Sheba’s visit of course, in which she gave Solomon 120 talents of gold (1 Kings 10:10). Solomon was however, as a typological shadow of Christ who was to come, an imperfect fulfillment of this Psalm. Only Christ could be feared “as long as the sun and moon endure, throughout all generations” (vs 5). Only Christ’s Kingdom can encompass the whole earth (vs. 8) and have “all kings” bow before Him (vs 11). Only Christ could save “souls” (vs 13). The final refrain of the Psalm in vss. 18-19 indeed points to the Lord alone as the doer of “wondrous things.” Solomon was the second step in the line of David’s throne and kingship. But we see here again, like we saw in Psalm 122 last week, that David’s throne came with an inherent aspect of longevity and eternality. Christ the true Son of David is the ultimate fulfillment of that great line.
Insight – Do you ever feel like the world is ignoring God? People try to take the meaning of Christmas away, and ignore Jesus’ coming, but King David tells us about the “king’s Son” who is expected. This son of the King will become king and will be followed forever. He was promised to be like rain that waters the earth, and would bring righteousness and peace. As we look forward to Christmas, this promise about Jesus’ coming should give us great hope! Jesus is “living water” (John 4:10) who “waters” those who have faith in Him, and the night of His birth, angels sang, “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, goodwill toward men!” (Luke 2:14). Though many people ignore the true King Jesus, His kingdom is everlasting and will finally submit all nations to it.
Child Catechism – How long will Jesus’ kingdom last? Forever.
Discussion – How does Jesus “bring justice to the poor of the people”? How does He “save the children of the needy”?
Prayer – O God of Israel, who only does wondrous things, blessed be your glorious name forever. This Advent season we earnestly pray that the whole earth be filled with your glory. Amen.