Psalms 72:1–7, 10–14 – Give the king your justice, O God, and your righteousness to a king’s son. 2 May he judge your people with righteousness, and your poor with justice. 3 May the mountains yield prosperity for the people, and the hills, in righteousness. 4 May he defend the cause of the poor of the people, give deliverance to the needy, and crush the oppressor. 5 May he live while the sun endures, and as long as the moon, throughout all generations. 6 May he be like rain that falls on the mown grass, like showers that water the earth. 7 In his days may righteousness flourish and peace abound, until the moon is no more. 10 May the kings of Tarshish and of the isles render him tribute, may the kings of Sheba and Seba bring gifts. 11 May all kings fall down before him, all nations give him service. 12 For he delivers the needy when they call, the poor and those who have no helper. 13 He has pity on the weak and the needy, and saves the lives of the needy. 14 From oppression and violence he redeems their life; and precious is their blood in his sight.
Summary – Psalm 72 is a messianic Psalm and a Psalm of David which looks to Solomon in the near future as a type of the Ultimate “King’s Son” (vs 1). This Son will judge people righteously, and we recall the story of Solomon and the two women arguing over the child (1 Kings 3:16ff). This Son will have dominion “from sea to sea” (vs 8), and Solomon indeed ruled all the land from the “River” to the sea (1 Kings 4:20ff), the allotted portion of Israel. This Son would receive gifts from the “Kings of Sheba” (vs 10), and the “gold of Sheba will be given to him” (vs 15). We remember the Queen of Sheba’s visit of course, in which she gave Solomon 120 talents of gold (1 Kings 10:10). Solomon was however, as a typological shadow of Christ who was to come, an imperfect fulfillment of this Psalm. Only Christ could be feared “as long as the sun and moon endure, throughout all generations” (vs 5). Only Christ’s Kingdom can encompass the whole earth (vs. 8) and have “all kings” bow before Him (vs 11). Only Christ could save “souls” (vs 13). The final refrain of the Psalm in vss. 18-19 indeed points to the Lord alone as the doer of “wondrous things.” Solomon was the second step in the line of David’s throne and kingship. But we see here again, like we saw in Psalm 122 last week, that David’s throne came with an inherent aspect of longevity and eternality. Christ the true Son of David is the ultimate fulfillment of that great line.
Insight – Does you ever feel like the world is ignoring God? People try to take the meaning of Christmas away, and ignore Jesus’ coming, but King David tells us about the “king’s Son” who is expected. This son of the King will become king and will be followed forever. He was promised to be like rain that waters the earth, and would bring righteousness and peace. As we look forward to Christmas, this promise about Jesus’ coming should give us great hope! Jesus is “living water” (John 4:10) who “waters” those who have faith in Him, and the night of His birth, angels sang, “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, goodwill toward men!” (Luke 2:14). Though many people ignore the true King Jesus, His kingdom is everlasting and will finally submit all nations to it and His light shines in the world.
Child Catechism – How long will Jesus’ kingdom last? Forever.
Discussion – How does Jesus “bring justice to the poor of the people”? How does He “save the children of the needy”?
Prayer – Father God, God of Israel, who only does wondrous things, blessed be your glorious name forever. This Advent season we earnestly pray that the whole earth be filled with your glory. Amen.