Year A – Advent 1 – Isaiah 2:1-5

Isaiah’s Messianic Vision – The Last Days Mountain (Isaiah 2:1-5)
Now it will come about that In the last days the mountain of the house of the LORD Will be established as the chief of the mountains, And will be raised above the hills; And all the nations will stream to it. 2:3 And many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, To the house of the God of Jacob; That He may teach us concerning His ways And that we may walk in His paths.” For the law will go forth from Zion And the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 2:4 And He will judge between the nations, And will render decisions for many peoples; And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they learn war. 2:5 Come, house of Jacob, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.

Overview –  The Last Days. Isaiah’s vision of the Messianic time is that “in the last days the mountain of the house of the LORD” will be raised up. This refers to the “last days” of the Old Covenant ( Acts 2:17; Heb. 1:2). The NT was written during the transition of the two covenant ages, after the reign of Messiah had begun (1Cor. 15:22-25). The Apostles made clear that the “heavenly city of Jerusalem” (Zion) had been raised up through the ascension of Christ (Heb. 12:22, Gal. 4:26).

The Last Mountain. The “last” or the “chief” mountain is Jerusalem above (Heb. 12:22) where Christ sits at God’s right hand and is manifest in Resurrection Day worship. The result of Zion’s exaltation is that “all the nations stream to it”  to go the “house of the God of Jacob” (2:2-3) to worship. Converted peoples from all nations come to learn to “walk in His paths.” He will send His word forth from this place, which is the Church of Jesus Christ, manifest in diverse congregations through all the world.

Insight – The Last Battle. The result of the Word going forth from Zion (the new covenant Church which is the meeting of heaven and earth) is that justice is rendered (2:4), peace is cultivated and the nations walk in the light of Christ (2:4-5). The well-known poetry of this passage is beautiful: “swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks.” Implements of war will become productive tools, rather than destructive weapons. This is our hope for the gospel victory through the spiritual warfare of Isaiah’s Messiah, ruling in our midst.

Child Catechism – What is the “mountain of the house of the Lord”? The Church of Jesus Christ.

Prayer – O Lord, as we rest in the Messiah, Jesus Christ, grant that His gospel would transform the nations in peace and bring about the change poetically pictured in Isaiah that nation will not lift up sword against nation, and never again will they learn war again, but rather walk in Your light. In Christ’s name and for His cause we pray, Amen.

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